Documents about military conscription.
The Constitutional Topics pages at the USConstitution.net site are presented to delve deeper into topics than can be provided on the Glossary Page or in the FAQ pages. This Topic Page concerns the draft. The draft is seen in the Constitution at Article 1, Section 8, Clause 12.
Resources on military conscription and "Selective Service" in the USA
from the National Resistance Committee
Because of the pressures and incremental gains of on-going C-R operations and the problems the military has in enlisting personnel during good economic times (translated: low unemployment), there has been some talk of a draft re-instatement. There is no serious talk of reinstating the draft. The SSS budget is approximately the same as it was in 1980 when Jimmy Carter resumed draft registration (25 million) so in real dollars adjusted for inflation, it is less. Hardly an indication of getting ready to reinstate the draft. If this were to be a universal draft for universal service, there might be some national benefit in that. This statement is opinion- and debatable. However, if draftees would be targeted primarily toward military service (a certainty), we would be ready to provide whatever assistance we could in helping our youth apply for conscientious objector (CO) status. - Submitted by JMCNRICK- Sep 4, 2011
Exploring the Role of Socioeconomic Status in U.S. Military Recruitment of Hispanic Students
The end of the U.S. military draft in 1973 re-established the all-volunteer Armed Forces. Some have argued that this change caused a shift in the racial/ethnic and economic composition of the USAF. Much of this work has focused on the motivation of an all-volunteer force and whether military service is viewed more as a job or one’s patriotic duty (Moskos 1977). Scholars have paid little attention to the methods by which the military targets and recruits potential enlistees. The conventional wisdom is that the military has created a “poverty draft” (Mariscal 2007) by targeting low-income African-Americans and Latinos/as. While a great deal of anecdotal evidence exists documenting this phenomena, little empirical analysis has been undertaken to address the reality of the “poverty draft.” We attempt to identify military recruitment strategies in the Rio Grande Valley in Deep South Texas by questioning current high school juniors and seniors regarding their experiences with military recruiters. We intend to assess whether military recruiters are more active in recruiting students from economically disadvantaged backgrounds. - Submitted by Seth Kershner